The sector of electronics represents a dynamic and valuable industry globally. In the European Union, many electronic products come from non-EU countries. Based on their characteristics, a different legislation might apply to the products. Typically, they might fall under one or more of the following classifications:

Radio equipment includes electrical or electronic devices that, alone or with another accessory, intentionally emit or receive radio waves for communication or determination. Smartphones, televisions, remote controls, smartwatches, routers, and laptops are classified as radio equipment. Typically, all devices with Bluetooth, GPS, or Wi-Fi are examples of radio equipment. In the European Union, Directive 2014/53/EU (Radio Equipment Directive, or RED) regulates such products.

Low voltage products are electronical or electronic products generating a voltage between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current, and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. Among others, some low voltage products are electric appliances, lighting equipment, appliance couplers, cables, cords, multiple travel adaptors, light switchers, etc. In the EU, the Low Voltage Directive (LVD) (2014/35/EU) covers such products.

Electromagnetic compatibility, on the other hand, refers to the compatibility of a given device in the electromagnetic environment, ensuring that the equipment works as intended in that environment. The electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU covers a wide range of electronic products. Usually, the EMC Directive applies together with another Directive, such as General Product Safety Directive (GPSD) or Low Voltage Directive (LVD) to address safety aspects of a product.

In the Library of Documents below, you can find all public documents related to compliance, including standards, notified bodies that can certify your products, open public consultations, and different guidance documents.


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